Facts and Information about Africa

Facts, Information about Africa

Some of the facts and information about Africa you should know are discussed on this page. Learn facts and information about Africa, and share your opinion using the comment box below.

Africa is a very large and diverse part of the world. After all, there are over seven hundred languages just within the African continent. Many of these languages are closely related, but each tribe claims to have a distinct and unique language.

Mapping the 53 Nations of Africa (Photo: usu.edu)

The sizes of the nations are also very diverse. The largest country is Sudan. It is 2,505,813 square kilometers and the smallest nation is Seychelles, a small cluster of islands on the east coast. Seychelles consists of 455 square kilometers, which is comparable to 2.5 times the size of Washington D.C.

The populations among the nations are equally diverse. The largest population lies within the country of Zaire which contains 42.55 million people. The Seychelles islands contain the smallest population which is 70,000 people.

The media doesn’t always depict Africa as a land full of people. They often show it as a place of deserts, Savannas, and animals. When in actual reality, Africa contains a large portion of the population of the world.


1. Africa is attached to Asia at its northeast Sinai corner by an Isthmus (Suez Canal) 70 kms wide.

2. Africa is the most centrally located of all the continents. The prime meridian (the Greenwich meridian) 0o passes through the Atlas Mountains and cuts through the coast of West Africa close to Accra, while the Equator (latitude 0 degrees) also divides the continent into 2 equal parts North and South. Africa is yet to take advantage of its Centralized location in the world.

3. Africa is the most tropical of all continents. It is straddles the equator and incorporates both the Tropic of Cancer and Capricorn. The climate south of the equator mirrors that of the north of the equator but the shape of the northern half of Africa reduces any maritime influence

4. The landmass nearest to Africa is Europe separated by the Mediterranean Sea only 9 miles across the Straight of Gibraltar.

5. Africa is the world’s second largest continent after Asia.

6. It is the most compact of all the continents in terms of shape and comprises the oldest rocks pertaining to the Pre-Cambrian Era.

7. Africa is as long as it is broad. It measures approximately 7,500 kms from South to North as well as in its east-west extent.

8. Most of the surface of Africa consists of the world’s oldest Pre-Cambrian rocks planed down to an upland plateau.

9. Africa comprises 54 countries with a population of 654 million in 1992.

10. Sahara desert, (the largest expanse of dry land in the world) is over 10.4 million square kilometers.

11. Evidence points to a common human ancestry originating in Africa from the emergence of a humanlike species in eastern African some 5 million years ago. From Hadar, Ethiopia, the 3.18 million year-old remains of “Lucy” were unearthed in 1974.

Resources for African Archeology:
(ArchNet-WWWArcheology) http://archnet.uconn.edu/regions/africa.php3



Indian Ocean – to the west:

1. Madagascar,                2. Zanzibar              3. Pemba,            4. Comoros,         5. Mauritius;

6. Reunion                       5. Seychelles

Atlantic Ocean – to the east:

1. Cape Verde,                2. Fernando Po        3. Principe

4.  Sao Tome                   5. Annobon

Geography – Central Connecticut State University

The 53 Nations of Africa – A study from Utah State University (For Teachers)