Through time Africa has been looted in every possible way. Even the history itself was stolen and denied the Africans. It is only in recent years historians have started to put together the true history of the old continent where humans first walked.
The common history of Africa below is provided courtesy Crawfurd:
White people has to some extend succeeded in convincing everybody that the Africans had not been able to build any civilisations before the arrival of the people from outside. Today we know some of the oldest civilisations at all existed in Africa, but even the Africans have started to believe the lies told in the last two centuries. Not knowing their great past, many young people lack pride and faith in Africa. It is hard to see a future without knowing the past. Today the whole world is drowned in cultural imperialism from the West.
A big part of the youngest generation in Africa sadly thinks that everything worth having origins from USA. African cultural heritage are still being denied the Africans. Historic and valuable artefacts are illegally exported mainly to private collections and museums outside Africa.
Contrary to the belief of many people Africa has a history going back to a long time before the arrival of white people. But this early history is difficult to tell because few traces are left. First of all, the African societies maintained their culture and traditions verbally. Almost nothing was written down as most African cultures simply didn’t have a written language.
The African cultures were based on story telling from old to young. The stories gradually faded and changed through time. Names of great kings were forgotten. Only a few tribes started to write down their history (One of them, the Foumban dynasty of Cameroon, developed a unique written alphabet to do so.) Most sources to the early Africa are written down by Europeans obviously with a risk of an unbalanced view of the events.
The arrival of European helped to wipe away traces of highly developed ancient cultures. The white people did simply not believe that any African tribe could have build something like the Great Zimbabwe. They explorers, missionaries and “scientists” decided that this was surely a trace of an old WHITE civilisation in the middle of Africa. In more modern time archaeological findings in South Africa has been kept secret because they could nourish (black) African nationalism. The white people really believed that they arrived in southern Africa at the same time as the black people arrived. By claiming this, the white people could justify their rights to the country -at least to themselves.
According to Wikipedia, the history of Africa begins with the prehistory of Africa and the emergence of Homo sapiens in East Africa, continuing into the present as a patchwork of diverse and politically developing nation states. Agriculture began about 10,000 BCE and metallurgy in about 4000 BCE. The history of early civilization arose in Egypt and later in the Maghreb and the Horn of Africa. During the Middle Ages, Islam spread through the regions. Crossing the Maghreb and the Sahel, a major centre of Muslim culture was at Timbuktu. States and polities subsequently formed throughout the continent.
From the late 15th century, Europeans and Arabs took slaves from West, Central and Southeast Africa overseas in the African slave trade. European colonization of Africa developed rapidly in the scramble for Africa of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Following independence and struggles in many parts of the continent, decolonization took place after the Second World War.
Africa’s history has been a challenge for researchers in the field of African studies because of the scarcity of written sources in large parts of sub-Saharan Africa.