InformAfrica – Today, 25th of June 2012, is the 37th independence day of Mozambique, Africa’s rising star and home of heart warming tourism. Below you’ll find interesting Africa information about the country, including facts and figures.
Mozambique is located in Southeastern Africa, and has a population of more than 21,000,000; bordering countries are Malawi, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The capital city of Mozambique, Maputo, was formerly called Lourenco Marques.
The southeastern country was once a coastal trading port for gold, ivory and slaves, mainly between the Middle East, India and Africa. It was colonized somewhat brutally by the Portuguese who fought with the British for control of the trading route.
The country gained independence in 1975 and was liberated by FRELIMO under the leadership of Samora Moises Machel. But things did not really improve as the opposition group RENAMO waged a bitter civil war that ravaged the country for almost 20 years. (More on Wikipedia)
A truce was signed in 1992 and the country has been stable and peaceful since then so tourists have nothing to worry about. This unspoilt gem of Southern Africa is the best place to beat the crowds and relax at the end of your African Safari.
Mozambique’s tourism sector has been experiencing flourishing growth over the years. Part of this growth was due to legislative reforms and the opening of high quality hotels and resorts throughout the country. Mozambique is one of the great destinations for tourists in Africa.
One important development that has boost tourists visits in the country has been a bilateral agreement reached by Mozambique and South Africa to allow their citizens to freely travel between the two countries for stays of up to 30 days, without the need for visas. Similar visa-free arrangements have also been made with Malawi and Swaziland.
Happy 37th Independence Day to the people of Mozambique as they celebrate their anniversary this June 25.
Facts About Mozambique
Below are few interesting facts and figures about Mozambique: (credit)
- The total area of Mozambique is 801,590 square kilometers; 784,090 sq km is land and 17,500 sq km is water, between the Portuguese islands. Mozambique’s coastline is 2,470 km long and is home to some of the most beautiful beaches in Africa.
- The lowest elevation point in Mozambique is by the Indian Ocean; rising up to the highest point of Monte Binga at some 2,436 meters above sea level.
- Mozambique’s unemployment rate is estimated at 21%, with over 65% of the population living below the poverty line.
- Lake Niassa is one of Africa’s largest lakes, and is found at the south eastern border of Mozambique, the lake forms the borders between Malawi and Tanzania
- Mozambique is affected by severe flooding from time to time; hundreds of people were killed in 2000 after a cyclone in southern Africa caused three weeks of floods across Mozambique. 2001 also brought flooding as the country was lashed with heavy rain; the flooding has uncovered many landmines which were buried during Mozambique’s civil war.
- February 2007 brought the worst flooding Mozambique had seen in six years, particularly along the Zambezi River where it burst its banks. Tens of thousands of people were displaced and lost their homes.
- There are 147 airports in Mozambique, although only 22 have tar runways.
- In the years from 1977 and 1992, the civil war and famine killed over 1 million people in Mozambique.
Happy 37th Independence Day to the people of Mozambique as they celebrate their anniversary this June 25. –InformAfrica